The chameleonic cinematographer also filmed the Nazi invasion of Poland and the series of Ealing comedies.
His death at a London hospital on Monday was confirmed by his daughter Georgina.
Georgina, a photographer, said: “He said the other day that he loved every day of his work, every day on the set
“He really enjoyed his work and his life.”
Slocombe was one of British cinema”s most acclaimed cinematographers.
A three-time Oscar nominee, Mr Slocombe shot 80 films, including 1969″s The Italian Job.
He worked with directors as varied as George Cukor, John Huston, Norman Jewison and Roman Polanski.
His career began with the famed Ealing black comedies of the late 1940s and early 1950s – which included the Lavender Hill Mob and Kind Hearts And Coronets – and ended with the three Indiana Jones films for Steven Spielberg.
Spielberg described the cinematographer as a “great collaborator and a beautiful human being”.
He said: “Dougie Slocombe was facile, enthusiastic, and loved the action of filmmaking.
“Harrison Ford was Indiana Jones in front of the camera, but with his whip-smart crew, Dougie was my behind the scenes hero for the first three Indy movies.”
Slocombe also won Best Cinematography Baftas for The Servant (1963), The Great Gatsby (1974) and Julia (1977).
His third Oscar nomination came for Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), the first of the three Indiana Jones films.
The American director told the BBC: “Dougie Slocombe was facile, enthusiastic, and loved the action of film-making. Harrison Ford was Indiana Jones in front of the camera, but with his whip-smart crew, Dougie was my behind-the-scenes hero for the first three Indy movies.”
Born in London in 1913, Slocombe made his breakthrough after filming in Warsaw in the lead-up to Germany”s invasion of Poland in 1939, using the footage to produce the documentary Lights Out In Europe in 1940.
In 2014, he told the BBC: “I had no understanding of the concept of blitzkrieg. I had been expecting trouble but I thought it would be in trenches, like WWI.
“The Germans were coming over the border at a great pace.”
He collected an OBE from the Prince of Wales at Buckingham Palace in 2008.